Bolivia – Country Rating | Info.

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Flag of BoliviaThe Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America. It is bordered by Chile, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. La Paz is the seat of government; Sucre is the location of the Supreme Court. Other major cities include Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.Â

The terrain consists of the Andes Mountains, highland plateau (Altiplano), hills and the lowland plains of the Amazon Basin. Rivers include the Beni and the Mamore. Lake Titicaca, shared with Peru, is the largest lake in South America.

Bolivia is within the tropics but the climate varies with altitude: tropical to cold and semiarid.

Environment
There are over twenty national parks and protected areas in Bolivia. Madidi National Park, founded in 1995, is said to be one of the world’s largest reserves.

Noel Kempff Mercado National Park is on the World Heritage list. The Park comprises of almost four million acres of forests, savannahs and wetlands.

Bolivia has many species of birds: caracaras, flycatchers, hawks, herons, kingfishers, macaws, parakeets, toucans and woodpeckers. Animals in Bolivia include the giant anteater, giant armadillo, jaguar, howler monkey, spider monkey and tapir.

Architecture
The city of Tiwanaku, the capital of a pre-Hispanic empire, was inscribed as a World Heritage site in 2000. The buildings are examples of ceremonial and public architecture of the Tiwanaku civilization.

The City of Potosi, dating back to the discovery of silver in the 1540s, is also on the World Heritage list.

The Historic City of Sucre, another UNESCO site, began as an early Spanish town. A number of sixteenth century religious buildings have been preserved. Other World Heritage buildings in Bolivia are the Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos, mainly built in the eighteenth century.

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