Afghanistan – Country Rating | Info.

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Flag of AfghanistanThe Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is in Southern Asia and is bordered by Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and Pakistan. Kabul is the capital city. Other principal cities include Kandahar, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif. Afghanistan is very mountainous with plains in the north and southwest. The main rivers are the Kabul and Amudarya.

Afghanistan’s climate is arid to semiarid. It has cold winters and dry, hot summers, depending on altitude.

Environment
Afghanistan is a landlocked country with mountains, valleys, plains, deserts and rivers.

Cedar, fir, pine and oak trees grow in its forested areas. Wildlife includes gerbils, foxes, goats, sheep, deer, wild cats, bears, jackals and wolves.

Deforestation and desertification are among the country’s environmental problems.

Architecture
Over two decades of war in Afghanistan has left the country with a housing problem, especially in Kabul. Since the fall of the Taliban, over a million refugees have arrived in the capital. Many people live in overcrowded houses, while others live in makeshift shelters such as tents and abandoned buildings. A plan is currently underway to build more apartments in the city but many fear they will not be able to afford them. (2002)

World Heritage sites in Afghanistan have also been listed on “World Heritage in Danger”. Afghanistan’s World Heritage sites are the Minaret of Jam and the Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Baniyan Valley. The Baniyan Valley site suffered a great loss in March 2001 when the Taliban destroyed two standing Buddha statues.

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