Lithuania – Country Rating | Info.

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Flag of LithuaniaThe Republic of Lithuania is in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Belarus, Poland and Russia (Kaliningrad). Vilnius is the capital city. Other cities include Kaunas, Klaipeda (Lithuania’s main port), Siauliai, Panevezys and Alytus. Lithuania has over seven hundred rivers; the longest are the Nemunas, Neris and the Venta. The country’s terrain is mostly low-lying with some hills.

Lithuania’s climate is mild although it can be cold in winter. Summers are warm.

Environment
Over thirty percent of Lithuania is forested. There are many rivers and over three thousand lakes. Five areas of wetlands are Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance: Cepkeliai, Kamanos, Nemunas Delta, Viesvile and Zuvintas.

Regional parks include Dubysa, Kurtuvenai, Pajuris, Rambynas, Salantai, Tytuvenai, Venta and Varniai. National parks are Aukstaitija National Park, Dzukija National Park, Zemaitija National Park, Trakai Historical National Park and Kursiu Nerija National Park including the Curonian Spit.

Animals found in protected areas are elk, deer, foxes, wolves and wild boar. Birds include eagles, hawks, geese, herons, swans and white storks.

Architecture
The Old Town of Vilnius is a World Heritage site. Examples of architecture are Gothic (St. Anne’s Church), Renaissance (Rulers’ Palace of the Lower Castle) and Baroque (Church of SS. Peter and Paul’s).

In the early fourteenth century the Lithuanian ruler, Gediminas (1316-1341), made Vilnius his capital extending the city’s fortifications. Vilnius and Kaunas, Lithuania’s second city, were significant centres of architectural style up until the end of the eighteenth century.

Twentieth century Lithuanian architecture has been influenced by the Modernist style of Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris (1887-1965), the Swiss born architect, known as Le Corbusier.

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